Wednesday, October 31, 2007

Free Satellite TV Deals! -- Are They For Real?

I am sure you've seen these ads online and offline -- "Free satellite TV!" "Get a 4-room Satellite TV System Free!" and "Satellite TV Dish and Receivers Absolutely Free!" But are these deals really free? Are them worth for the money? But are these satellite TV offers really free?

The answer to that question is yes ... and no.

It's a 'yes' because you got the satellite TV systems for free. Further more you get other promotions gifts such as digital video recorder (DVR), DVD player, home theater systems and HD systems for free. As the ads say: No equipments to buy at all. However, the programming service will cost you money. Each month, these socall "free satellite TV deals" are going to take out some dollars from your wallet.

Let's examine the facts about free satellite TV deals.

Due to the demise of Pegasus and Voom services, there are only two major satellite TV providers in the USA -- Dish Network and DirecTV. Both companies are providing 100% digital satellite pictures; both companies are offering amazing free satellite TV systems; and both companies have the finest sales support team for their customer services.

Dish Network Satellite TV

When you order a free satellite TV system from Dish Network, you will be asked to pay a $49.99 activation fee. This fee will be credited to your programming bill, so in essence, your satellite TV system is free. Installation of your satellite TV system is also free.

With Dish Network you have the option to upgrade to a DVR (digital video recording) receiver, or an HDTV (high definition TV) receiver at no charge.

You can get Dish Network services at a monthly cost of $19.99. However, Dish Network standard programming fees start at $31.99 per month (for standard 60 program channels). The monthly subscription fees then goes up to around $86.00 for 230 channels including Showtime, Starz!, HBO, Cinemax, and Sirius radio.

Dish Network offers more movies, shows, and HDTV than cable or DirecTV, and with one of their free DVR receivers you can record, pause, and fast forward live TV with a click of your remote. All Dish Network programs are broadcast in digital format for crystal-clear picture and sound.

DirecTV Satellite TV Service

Depending on your credit rating, when you order a free satellite TV system from DirecTV you may be required to pay a deposit or prepayment. Because the deposit is refunded to you and the prepayment goes toward your programming fees, the DirecTV satellite dish and receivers are free. Installation is also free.

If you want a DVR receiver you will be charged an additional $49.99. The charge for HDTV receivers is $299.99.

DirecTV programming packages start at $29.99 per month for 115 channels (including 31 music channels), and go up to more than $90 per month for 185 program channels, including Showtime, Starz!, HBO, Cinemax, and 31 music channels.

DirecTV offers more sports programs than you can get with cable or Dish Network, including the popular NFL Sunday Ticket which Dish Network does not cover. All sports channels are broadcasted in all-digital format.

Wrapping things up

Both Dish Network and DirecTV's deals are lucrative. As mentioned before, you will get sets of satellite systems and home electronics for free but the programming services will cost you anywhere from $32 to $94 a month.

If TV is one of your primary forms of entertainment and you want the biggest variety of shows, movies, sports, and news -- then we satellite TV deals should be something you should seriously consider. Cable TVs nowadays doesn't looks like a good deal to go for as their monthly fees increase a lot every year. For football fans that wish to get every NFL games- DirecTV is what you are looking for; for normal family, Dish Network seems to be a better choice. You can check out some of the reputable dealers (both Dish Network and DirecTV) at here.

However, if you watch just a few television programs a week and have access to over-the-air TV, then satellite TV probably isn't for you.

About The Author
Teddy LC., expert writter on consumer products reviews. Check out his latest satellite TV related website and get more info on satellite TV dish TV free deals:

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Tuesday, October 30, 2007

Victorian Decorating In 6 Easy Steps!

Victorian decorating is considered one of the most inticate of all the different interior decorating styles that you can choose from. The reason for this is because the colors, fabrics, furniture and decorations are all elaborate and full.

Victorian decorating is based on the period during the 19th century in jolly old England. So, the more authentic you want your Victorian room to be, you can expect that the furnishings and other decorative items can be quite expensive.

You will need to be very creative and crafty if you wish to make the most of this theme. But, it's possible to makeover a room with a Victorian style, even if you are on a tight budget.

Following is an example of how you can use Victorian decorating to transform the look of your living room:

Step 1 - So that you know the size of the area you have to work with, the first thing you should do before beginning your Victorian decorating is to measure the space of the room.

Step 2 - Use colors such as deep green, red, dark pink, mauve, burgundy, and purple for walls, rugs, upholstery and other accessory colors. These were the most popular colors of the Victorian period.

It's also a great idea to add crown molding and wallpaper borders around the top of walls. And don’t be afraid to use more than one color when decorating the room.

Step 3 - You can choose rich wooden furnishings such as sofas and chairs when selecting furniture for Victorian decorating. The legs, backs and arms of these furnishings are carved to stand out, while the upholstery is usually velvet, embroidered fabrics, and brocade.

Accompanying these pieces are pillows that are created with similar fabrics, and trimmed with lace, frills, beading, ribbons or bows. The other furnishings in the room for Victorian decorating are various marbletop tables or they could be made of wood such as bamboo.

Step 4 - Decorations that are placed on the tables, such as candleholders, crystal lamps, porcelain figurines, or a vase of dried flowers, should be set on embroidered doilies to add affect.

All paintings are usually in gold or wooden frames. Other exciting Victorian pieces that can be added to the living room are a grandfather clock, porcelain dolls and decorative plates.

Other Victorian decorating accessories that you can add to the room to give it authenticity include paintings of young maidens, children, a portrait of your family, or perhaps of your ancestors.

Step 5 - When Victorian decorating windows, you need to make them elaborate with draperies, swags and braided tiebacks. Popular fabrics for the window are also brocades and velvet.

Step 6 - The floors of the living room can either be hardwood floors or wall-to-wall carpeting. But, no matter which flooring type you choose, it is a good idea to add an area rug that is fashioned in an oriental style to complete the authenticity of the Victorian decorating look.

As you can see, Victorian decorating is very involved and comes with a heavy feel to it. That being the case, make sure you pick a room that can handle this décor. That way, you can enjoy it to its fullest.

About The Author
Michael Holland is the creator of and His web sites offers lots of FREE decorating tips and ideas for decorating your home.

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Sunday, October 28, 2007

Cooling At Lower Costs With Industrial Evaporative Coolers

Large Air Coolers – For Industries Only

In some places in industries, a lower temperature (compared to atmospheric) is required from process point of view or from comfort point of view. Air conditioning is out of question, as it would require large capital and huge running payment of electricity bills. Evaporative cooling is the solution in this case. This is just a scaled up model of home air coolers.

Working Principle Of Evaporative Coolers

Evaporative cooling is known to humanity since ages. Earthen clay pots have been providing coldwater during summer when there was no air conditioning or refrigeration. The fired clay pots have tiny holes through which water comes out and when it comes to surface, it evaporates. The heat required for evaporation is taken out from the water inside the pot. The heat transfer from the water is possible only because of the tiny passage in earthenware pots. The same principle is used in industrial evaporative coolers.

Air circulating fans draw air through a curtain of water. The water trickles down a path and during passage; water is broken down to tiny droplets giving it a large surface area. Air drawn through these tiny droplets and is cooled the same way as it happens in an earthen pot. The cold is circulated through the industrial installation. This gives installation an air which has a lower than atmospheric temperature. Evaporative cooling gives you comfortable atmosphere when outside is too hot to bear.

Advantages Of Evaporative Cooling

Advantage of evaporative cooling is the initial low cost and low operating costs. All that is required is the water pumps and the air circulating fans. The whole set up is compact. Evaporative cooling is the only method of removing large quantity of heat from cooling water used in many industrial plants. Here instead of removing heat from atmospheric air, heat from water is rejected to atmospheric air.

About The Author
Matthew Anderson adds regularly reviews on air conditioners to An online information magazine about the basics of how evaporative air coolers work and some of the advantages of the technology for a good air conditioning. Find your industrial cooler at


Friday, October 26, 2007

The Advantages Of Using Teak Furniture

Teak is truly a “super” wood. Its many qualities make it an attractive choice when people are buying their furniture, for either inside or outside.


Teak is a dense, coarse, close-grained hardwood. It contains naturally high levels of resinous oil that acts as an insect repellent and allows it to be resistant to moisture and the drying effects of weather. In fact, it is so high in natural oils that it doesn’t need to be treated with oil or varnish for it to be suitable for use in exposed locations. It’s this durability that makes teak furniture ideal for use outdoors.


Teak also contains silica, which makes it resistant to fungal decay, water, rotting, warping, shrinking, swelling and many chemicals. It will not rust or corrode metals it comes in contact with and it can withstand the elements of all seasons. Teak is highly resistant to moisture, fire, acid and alkalis. Teak furniture often appears in the most unlikely places, such as the kitchen. At first glance, you might think that teak would not be a suitable material for the kitchen. However, it is the very fact that it can withstand so much that makes it an ideal wood to use in this room and others. It won’t rot, stain or burn easily. This, combined with the fact that it is an extremely heavy wood, with dense fibres that make it relatively easy to cut and graft, make it one of the finest woods from which to construct furniture.

Natural beauty

Teak has a very attractive straight grain, which draws the eye immediately. It needs minimal maintenance and does not need to be treated or sealed on a regular basis in the way other woods do. Teak wood has inherent imperfections which serve to enhance its natural beauty. If you are looking for unique furniture which is full of character, then teak is the wood for you.

About The Author
Napton Teaks have a wide range of beautiful teak furniture to suit every taste. Visit their website now by clicking on

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Wednesday, October 24, 2007

7 Tips For Choosing A Rocking Chair

Do you sometimes find yourself wishing that your favorite TV chair can also be a rocking chair? Is there a new baby in the family that you wish you can sing to sleep in your arms while sitting comfortably yourself? Does your idea of unwinding after a long day's work include reading a book by the fire in the winter or just contemplating the outside scenery in the summer?

American fondness for rocking chairs

If you answer yes to any one of these questions, then you are not alone. A growing number of Americans either own a rocking chair which has become a member of the family or think of buying one.

Rocking chairs began to appear in the late 1700s when someone ingeniously thought of adding skates or rockers to the bottoms of adult furniture, similar to a child's rocking cradle or rocking horse.

Since then, owning a rocking chair has become a distinctly American proccupation, with most Americans, including some of America's famous presidents, showing great fondness for their rocking chairs - whether they be the elegant American designer Sam Maloof creations with the elongated curved runners or the homely white wicker rocking chair that usually has been with the family for more than 30 years.

But how do you choose a good rocking chair. Below are some tips on how to choose a rocking chair that is right for you.

Tips on how to choose a rocking chair

1. The first thing to ask yourself is where are you going to put your rocking chair? If indoors by the fireplace or the family room, you can choose a cushioned or timber rocking chair made of light maple or yellowish oak. Or if outdoors in your garden or front porch, you can choose a sweetly-scented cedar, a painted brazilian cherry wood or teakwood durable enough to withstand the elements.

2. A very important priority in rocking chairs is comfort. Rocking chairs have been used for therapeutic purposes - John F Kennedy's rocking chair being a famous example. It is said that President Kennedy found hours and hours of relief for his bad back from this Appalachian oak rocker which has a steam-bent curved backrest and woven seat made of Malaysian rattan.

Answering the following questions may help you to judge whether the rocking chair you are choosing will give you the level of comfort that you need.

- Does the rocking chair provide seating comfort and support?

- Is the chair set low enough for comfortable elbow support?

- Are the armrests wide enough to rest your arms and provide the right balance?

- Do the seat and back offer both firmness and flexibility?

- Do the seats slant downward to fit the whole back while supporting the lower back?

3. Is the rocker pitched correctly? In layman's terms, does the rocking chair provide a smooth and even rocking motion without tipping, even when you are in the reclining position? Or does it feel like you are about to flip backwards when you are rocking? Does a single push keep the rocking chair rocking for a few minutes or does it stop after onlya few seconds?

4. Was the rocking chair constucted using techniques that have been proven to result in stronger and more durable rocking chairs that can withstand everyday use? Some of these techniques include construction without glue, interlocking joinery and the famous Maloof technique of using seven laminated strips of wood to strengthen each of the long, elegant skis that are used in his rocking chair designs.

5. What style of rocking chair will fit your decor? Do you want an upholstered rocking chair or do you want to see the timber's natural woodgrain enlivened by an oil finish? Do you want charming white wicker chair or casual rattan? How do you want your the back of your rocking chair - traditional ladder back horizontal slats, vertical slats or woven cane? Do you want it stained, oiled, varnished or painted?

6. How much do you want to spend for your rocking chair? Whatever your budget, there seems to be a rocking chair for everyone's fancy - whether its the $20,000 Sam Maloof with a two-year waitng list for the ultimate in rocking chair experience or the vintage white wicker rocking chair you've just bid successfully on ebay for $20, or somewhere in between.

7. And last but not least, do you want your rocking chair shipped to you assembled or are you handy with tools and don't mind assembling it yourself if you can save some money?

I hope these tips will make it easier to find the rocking chair that's just right for you - whether you're the couch potato looking for a more comfortable seat in front of your favorite TV sitcom, the delighted parent of a newly-born baby or the urban worker trying to relax in the evening after dinner with a book or the quietness of the night by the front porch.

About The Author
Flor Buenaventura is a writer who has a great interest in furnishings for the home and garden. To see a fantastic collection of resources related to rocking chairs, please visit her website.

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Tuesday, October 23, 2007

Termites and Termite Control - How To Stop Problem Jobs From Becoming Nightmares

Termites have a very useful role within our environment, but when they invade and attack your home, they can become a hated enemy, a source of heartache and anxiety. Every problem has a solution, and there is no need for any job turning into a nightmare. There are however, certain practices in the pest control industry that should be adopted for all inspections and treatments, and some "dodgy" operators that should be avoided like the plague!

In Australia, one house in three at some stage will become affected by termites, which is more prevalent than damage caused by fire, storm and flood combined. This article will examine how to prevent termite attack, methods of inspection, protection, control and treatment.

Termite Control

Control of pest termites involves identifying the species, locating the nest and choosing the best eradication methods. A combination of doing regular, competent building inspections in termite-prone areas, using naturally resistant or treated timbers in buildings, and installing chemical and physical soil barriers around buildings is necessary to prevent further problems.

Houses nearby may often have termite nests nearby in trees, stumps and underground but these may not contain pest species. When they do, it should be the main focus of the termite control technician to locate and treat these areas before any protection is implemented. Too often the technician will "advise" the worried homeowner that termites may be "anywhere within 100 metres" of the property and its impossible to pinpoint exactly where they may be coming from.

In my opinion, if you don't even try to find out the origin of the problem, your chances of gaining control of the problem dramatically drop. Even if the house is surrounded by dense bushland, I think it is definitely worth the time and expense of test drilling and treating ALL trees and stumps surrounding the property within a 50-100 metre radius, because that is where most infestations originate. If it means drilling 40-60 trees or investigating all surrounding homes, isn't that a lot better than ignoring a possible source of infestation?

Most pest control companies will not go to this extra effort, and will try to convince the client that their baiting technique or soil barrier system is designed to protect your home in all circumstances. DON'T BELIEVE THEM! Better investigations and inspections lead to better termite protection and treatments. Its only common sense to take all efforts to find out the origin of the attack.

Termite Inspection of Pest Species

Termite identification in Sydney Australia is highly specialized and pest controllers need to thoroughly inspect all areas of the property before any protection or treatment is begun. This may be conducted with the following equipment:

Flashlight with bright light

This is essential and krypton bulbs give the best light for torches generally available today. LED torches, headlamps and flashlights are the next generation inspection tools and should be used when they come onto the market.

A termite sounding donger

A fiberglass rod with a small plastic ball at the end. It is designed to run along skirting boards, higher placed timbers and other exposed timbers. When it runs across termite infested timber the tone changes, indicating hollowed out timber.

A Moisture Meter

It is designed to pick up high moisture content in walls and timbers. Termites bring up moisture from the soil and into the walls and timbers.

A Termatrac microwave tracking device

Termatrac is a breakthrough development in the building inspection detection of termites, invented and developed in Australia using technology similar to radar, Termatrac is the exciting answer to detecting termites through timber, plaster board, brick or masonry with no interference to the building material or termite activity. With no drilling, tapping or prodding, Termatrac is the answer to termite detection without termite defection! With Termatrac, the pest professional enjoys the advantage of accurate detection and customer peace of mind.

Pen Knife & Tape

If termite infested timber is located, we may cut it with a pen knife and expose the interior of timber, identifying the species of termites then seal it back up with tape so as not to disturb the termites.

Listening Device

This listens to termite sounds in the internal of the walls. However, if you tap the wall with your hand and put your ear up to the wall you can hear the soldier termites communicate by tapping their mandibles onto the timbers.

Home Inspection

A home inspection for termites is known in Sydney Australia as a building inspection and includes a pest report and a building report. It involves a thorough visual inspection of the sub floor, roof void interior, exterior, and other areas of the property. An average house takes anywhere from one to two hours to complete. Cost varies from $160-$360 depending on the size of the house and access. This is including G.S.T. Tax

The report consists of multiple pages setting out the areas of concern and what to do to rectify problems. Digital photos are available upon request. Please remember a termite inspection report is designed to detect termites at an early stage as to reduce the amount of damage to your house. It does not stop termites. It is strongly recommended a termite inspection report is carried out at least once every twelve months and every three to six months for high risk areas.

Note: There is no household insurance that covers you for termite damage.

Termite Report

Essentially a termite building inspection report is designed to:

1. Detect old damage and active termites.

2. Gives you the element of risk of infestation.

3. Gives you tips on reducing the chances of termite infestation.

4. Gives us enough information to accurately quote you on a termite treatment and to use the most appropriate method.

5. Identifies species of termites and (most importantly)

6. Educates you about termites.

Economically Important Pest Termites

Out of the 258 described termite species in Australia, only a few timber-damaging species are of concern to us. The five families that include the most common pest species are:

1. Mastotermitidae (1 pest species - Giant Termite, Mastrotermes darwinensis)

2. Kalotermitidae (several pest species of 'dry-wood termites', including the introduced Cryptotermes brevis)

3. Termopsidae (1 pest species - Dampwood termite, Porotermes adamsoni)

4. Rhinotermitidae (7 pest species, including Coptotermes acinaciformes)

5. Termitidae (5 pest species, including Nasutitermes walkeri)

The Giant Termite (Mastotermes darwinensis) has the greatest potential for destruction. However, it is limited to the tropical areas of northern Australia. It attacks any wood in contact with the ground including shrubs and trees, as well as paper, leather, clothing and other materials. It is a large-bodied primitive species that usually forms small colonies and has no true worker caste.

West Indian Dry-wood Termite

The introduced West Indian Dry-wood Termite (Cryptotermes brevis) is considered to be the world's worst termite pest as it can eat even very small timber objects with few external signs of damage, can quickly take over from native termite species, can survive in quite dry conditions, and is easily transported. If it is found, it should be reported to the relevant government authority. It has been found in Brisbane and Sydney, as well as other areas on several occasions.

Most Destructive Species

However the most destructive species overall in Australia is Coptotermes acinaciformes. It is distributed throughout the continent and uses tree stumps, living trees, spaces under buildings and even walls as nesting sites. From the nest site, any wooden structure within a 100-metre radius can be attacked via underground tunnels. Although they usually need contact with soil, some nests of this termite species have even been found several floors up in city buildings or on ferries.

A common species that nests in Sydney's coastal bushland is Nasutitermes walkeri. It forms distinctive round ball-shaped nests that are especially abundant in the years following major bushfires (as it mainly nests in stressed trees). It can also damage fences, poles and wood on the ground, but it rarely attacks buildings. This species has the largest soldiers (up to 6 mm long) of the Nasutitermes genus, with the characteristic nasute head.

High Risk Suburbs

Termite control in Sydney, Australia is particularly important in these high risk suburbs:

Castle Hill
Winston Hills
Baulkham Hills
Frenchs Forest

We service all these areas as well as the Australian capital cities -Brisbane, Gold Coast, Melbourne, Canberra, Adelaide, Perth, Hobart and Darwin.

Remember, if you follow all of the advice in this article, selecting a qualified Termite Expert who is aware of, and implements appropriate termite inspections, protection and treatments will help prevent a problem job from turning into a nightmare.

You can arrange for a comprehensive inspection by a qualified Termite Expert simply by emailing our office at or Phone: 1300 131 449 for more termite (white-ant) information, to book a termite inspection with one of our members, or to arrange a quote for treatment of termites.

About The Author
Article written by Bruce Gow. Bruce holds Certificate 1V in Urban Pest Management and holds Termite Specialist Accreditation amongst many other pest control certifications. He owned and managed Best Pest Control (NSW) Pty Ltd, a successful termite and pest control firm for 24 years, and now acts as an internet consultant for the new owner.
Footnote: Bruce is a search engine marketer and does search engine optimization at
You can reach him at

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Monday, October 22, 2007

Professional Decorating Tips for Fireplace Mantels

Although fireplace mantels were originally used for cooking and heating, contemporary mantels have become the key focal point for setting the decorative style and atmosphere of a room. You can utilize simple accessories to enhance the room, or go all out with themed holiday decorations to transform the entire space for any special occasion.

Paying attention to basic design elements such as color, texture, balance, and size will help pull your decorations together into a beautiful display.

Getting Started

Professional designers often start decorating projects by jotting down ideas for the mood they’d like to create, and then collect an assortment of items to emphasize that style. They might not use everything they’ve found, but having things on hand means they can play with different combinations until hitting on the best design.

Spend some time considering how you’d like the type of event you’ll be hosting. Are you having a flashy black tie cocktail party, or a relaxing springtime brunch? Maybe you’d just like to find new ways to freshen up the everyday look of a room? Either way, remember that different combinations of colors as well as the style (Victorian, modern, retro, country) of items you use will affect the overall mood of your room.

Choosing a Backdrop

To begin, you’ll want to select an item to be the focal point of the display. Often this will be a painting or wall hanging that is placed on the wall just above the mantel, or even resting on the mantel. You can even change the focal point to match the occasion or season.

If you’d rather group several paintings together you’ll want to only use a few items on the mantel itself to keep things from being overwhelming. The larger the item or grouping the more attention it will draw. A mirror is always a good choice to use as a large backdrop. It not only helps make the room feel larger, but reflects and draws attention to the other pieces you’ve placed on your mantel.

Don’t forget to light your backdrop. Whether you use candles or install spot lighting, you’ll want to make sure that the focal point isn’t lost in the shadows.

Placement & Shape

The next step is to create a ‘path’ for the eye to follow, moving from the main focal point down and across the mantel. By using a variety of heights and sizes, and even texture, you can develop an interesting landscape that commands attention.

You can create a symmetrical design by centering one item on or above the mantel, and surround it with a series of identical items on either side. Each half of the mantel is a mirror image of the other. You can also layer items by height, with shorter items overlapping larger pieces. This style is often used to create a sense of formality.

Asymmetrical designs are usually the most popular, as they create a sense of motion by having different items on each side of the mantle. The key to this form is to keep the weight of items balanced visually. For instance you might have two larger objects on one end of the mantel, with a grouping of five small objects on the other end.

A radial design is created by placing objects around a central. The center item, regardless of shape, acts as an anchor. This kind of arrangement is best done similar to a symmetrical format; otherwise it can become too busy.

A layered look with lots of pieces and filler (such as greenery or garlands) works well for fall and winter, but is often too heavy for other seasons. One exception might be if your mantel is located in a large banquet or great room with high ceilings, otherwise keep things minimal by leaving breathing space between items.

Wrapping It Up

Whatever design style you select always be sure to follow safety precautions when using the fireplace. Do not place any items too close to the hearth itself, and use a protective screen to prevent ignition from sparks.

If you don’t actually use your fireplace that often try placing decorations below in addition to on the mantel. You certainly wouldn’t want a black void to detract from your display. A layered arrangement of white candles and greenery can be stunning for any occasion, but you could also do something as simple as a stack birch logs. Another alternative is to cover the hearth with a painted fireplace screen.

There are hundreds of options to choose from when decorating your mantel, but the same basic principles always apply. Using these designer techniques can help turn a ho-hum room into a memorable space that can easily be changed for any type of occasion.

About The Author
Kristene Markert is a writer and consultant for; a manufacturer of custom cast stone fireplace mantels that have been featured on numerous home remodeling tv shows.

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Sunday, October 21, 2007

How to Know when to Change Air-Conditioning Filters?

Although we don't usually realize it, we can actually reduce the running cost of a building by removing the dust from the atmosphere. The furniture, walls and fittings are preserved longer. It also improves the health of the occupants.

Removing dust is usually done by installing filters in the incoming air stream or the circulating air stream. In air-conditioning systems, these filters are installed at the air handling units or AHU's.

How do we know when to replace the filters?

As more and more dust accumulates at the filters, the differential pressures between the inlet and the outlet will increase. By measuring the differential pressures, we will have a very good indication of how much the filter has been choked by dusts. Persons maintaining the air-conditioning plant should know at what differential a filter should be replaced. Some of the dust particles are so minute, that they cannot be seen by the naked eye. In all appearances, the filter looks as good as new.

These are some factors to consider when determining when to change the filter:

Mechanical strength of the filter

The final pressure of a filter is usually stated in the product. That is the strength of the filtration medium. However, other factors need to be considered - the strength of the filter walls, frames and holders if not adequately designed can result in the sagging of the filter housing that will result in leaks.

Changes in efficiency of the filter

This is particularly important in low efficiency filters. Their efficiencies can be radically impaired as a result of high final pressure losses. Particles that have been collected by the filter can become detached and accompany the air stream. Fibrous particles are less likely to become detached compared to granular particles. Because of this, higher final pressure drops are permissible for the former, although this should not exceed about 200 Pa in a pre-filter.

With granular particles, the final pressure loss should not be allowed to exceed 100 to 150 Pa.

Fine filters and HEPA filters are less sensitive to changes in quality. In principle, they can be allowed to have a final pressure loss up to the limit of their mechanical strength.

Permissible Air flow variations in the system

In this case, the flow pattern is more important than the particles carried along the air stream. The permissible final pressure loss here will depend on the total pressure and characteristics of the fan and any other control facilities.

The filter will affect the air flow as a result of dust accumulation. The filter has to be changed when the velocity of the air in a laminar flow installation cannot be maintained or has fallen below the required specifications.

Bacteriological reasons

Sometimes, the filters are replaced at regular intervals instead of pre-defined pressure loss indications. This is to prevent accumulation of bacteria and other microorganisms.

Suitable time window periods

Filters are often changed to coincide with pre-planned plant shutdown periods. In these cases, production disturbances are minimized. For example they can be arranged to be changed during holidays.

Economic considerations

In terms of operating costs, there is an optimum final pressure point to balance. By having longer intervals between filter replacements, we do achieve lower filter replacement costs. On the other hand, this will increase the operating energy costs due to inefficiency.

About The Author
Thomas Yoon
Many years of working experience in Marine, Facilities, Construction has given the author material for writing e-books and articles related to engineering, and management. Subscribe to facworld ezine by sending an email to More information at and

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Saturday, October 20, 2007

Soft Goods Upholstered Furniture

For any hotel or resort owner, furnishing and decorating rooms is a very important task. Owners want to be assured they are receiving the best quality furniture at the best price. It is also important that they purchase all the necessary furnishings to guarantee a pleasant stay for their guests.

Soft goods upholstered furniture come in many different styles. Depending on the atmosphere of the individual hotel or resort, the type of furniture chosen can greatly vary. Owners can choose from traditional upholstered furniture in traditional floral fabric patterns. A more modern or tropical type resort may go for rattan style furniture with contemporary fabrics.

To properly furnish a resort or hotel room, there are several essential pieces. There are of course the beds, but it is important to also furnish rooms with an upholstered sleeper sofa to accommodate extra guests. Rooms also need to be furnished with coordinating upholstered chairs and tables. These can all be ordered together, and in bulk, to ensure receiving a matching set from the same dye block.

Another great piece to include in a resort or hotel room is an upholstered lounge chair. These take up more space, so they are ideal for large condos or larger rooms, such as the lobby or lounge.

Purchasing quality commercial upholstered furniture is a excellent way to assure guests enjoy their stay at any resort or hotel.

About The Author
Cat Greenbriar writes for PatioStuff at Please visit the site at for some of the greatest deals on soft goods upholstered furniture. Also view some great selections for upholstered chairs at and upholstered lounge chairs at Upholstered sofas are available for viewing at

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Friday, October 19, 2007

The Modern Kitchen Apron

Aprons are most commonly employed for kitchen purposes. A kitchen apron is used to protect clothing from any mess and stains, particularly in the kitchen, by many men and women work at home in a domestic capacity. Some even employ the garment as a convenient place to carry kitchen tools or supplies, keeping the hands free.

Kitchen aprons are among the most adaptable products currently available on the market. The have been offered by many stores, both online and offline for those who love to cook. There are even television advertisements and magazines spreads that feature someone wearing a kitchen apron. This demonstrates how universal this style of garment is among uniforms.

A surprising level of variety is offered in kitchen apron designs. Some kitchen aprons on the market these days feature a single large pocket in front, while others offer two or three pockets or more. Furthermore, it is somewhat interesting to note that popular convention for the pockets of kitchen aprons is to make them deep. However, there are some that are designed shallow, and designs can be slanted or straight, lined or unlined. Pocket design may also feature individual pockets positioned in full view directly across the front or pockets that are doubled up in order for two exterior pockets to hide two others immediately behind or inside them.

The design of most kitchen aprons is aimed at promoting easy access in most instances. Apron designs may include pockets with security in mind, so that the contents, such as money, may not be removed easily. The pockets of some kitchen aprons are perfectly designed for holding common kitchen tools. Still other kitchen aprons pockets are designed to be better suited for smaller items. And of course most of the kitchen aprons made these days are designed with concern for appearance.

The overall style and design of the kitchen apron varies in many regards, much like other types of aprons, including length and the manner in which they are secured. There are a number of modern kitchen aprons intended for covering only the upper part of the body. There are also bib aprons, waist aprons, and doubled-sided aprons that cover both the front and back. There are also a variety of options in the materials used for the kitchen apron. Even with polyester, linen, and other fabrics in common use, cotton continues to be especially popular.

About The Author
Robert Williams writes articles for several web sites, including and

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Wednesday, October 17, 2007

Radiant Floor Heat: It Warms Your Soles But it Doesn't Empty Your Pockets

There is no doubt that radiant floor heating is a superior method of heating your home. Its popularity is steadily increasing as people discover that not only is it the most comfortable form of heating, but also the most cost efficient.

Though comfort and cost are the two biggest benefits of this heating system there are many others:

-Silent operation – no hum or whistle of a forced air system.

-Inconspicuousness of the system – you don’t see vents or air blowing.

-A healthier home – forced air systems can spread dust, pollen, and germs.

-Even, quiet warmth: even with wood, tile, or uncovered concrete floors.

-Also, radiant heat is less likely to dry out your breathing passages and skin.

The warmth of the floor on a cold winter morning would probably be enough to convince a lot of people that radiant floor heating is the best thing since sliced bread. However, after discovering the cost savings, there is usually no going back.

Radiant floor heating concentrates the heat in the lower half of a room where the human body needs it most. Since heat is evenly distributed in the floor, the thermostat can be set 2 – 4° less than a forced air heating system. This can reduce energy cost by 10-30%. Homes and building with high ceiling will save even more in heating costs as heat generated by forced air systems quickly rises to the top of these structures, where it is of little use.

Whereas a forced air system delivers heat which quickly rises to the ceiling – a radiant floor heating system radiates heat from the floor and delivers the heat evenly throughout the rooms.

In a radiant floor heating system warm water circulates through tubing beneath the floor. This turns the flooring into an efficient, low temperature radiator.

Though Radiant Floor heating is not a complicated system, there are components which are required, and that the homeowner should be aware of – The Heating Source, The Boiler, The Pump and the Tubing.

The heating source can be electricity, solar, natural gas, propane, oil, wood, or any other heating source.

The boiler, with a certified efficiency rating houses the water to be heated. This same boiler can also be used to heat the pool, snow melting, heating a hot tub, or and domestic hot water needs.

A Pump is required to circulate the water though the tubing located under the floor.

The tubing for a radiant floor heating system is located either in the concrete, under wood subfloors, or on a subfloor of wood, precast concrete or concrete slab-on-grade, then covered with gypsum.

Once a homeowner makes the decision to install radiant floor heating system, contacting the right installer is imperative.

Some companies who design radiant floor heating systems may also install the system.

A qualified System Designer and a qualified System Installer will work together and know which components work well together, capacities of various systems, special considerations for installations in your area, and manufacturers’ warranties and reliability.

The designer should do a room-by-room heat loss analysis of your home or building done as well as a step-by-step system sizing process.

About The Author
Harvey Juric, ICF Consultant and CEO of is a custom home builder in southern Ontario. He has been in the home construction industry for the past 30 years performing a wide variety of tasks related to the building trades. As one of the pioneers of the Insulated Concrete Form industry, he formed to take advantage of, at that time, emerging new construction techniques that promised stronger and better and more energy efficient homes. For more information about the model home, Insulated Concrete Forms or Radiant Floor Heating contact by telephone 519 843-7612, e-mail, or visit their web site at Ontario Home Builder , Luxury Home or Repairing/Building

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Monday, October 15, 2007

How To Choose A Curio Cabinet

Curio cabinets have become a delight in themselves as they showcase your favorite things and mementos to friends and family, keep all your dear treasures in one place to admire them in wonderment everyday, or protect your growing collection of porcelain dolls from your 5-year old.

Curio cabinets started as places to keep curios - defined in the dictionary as curious or unusual objects of art or knickknacks and whatnots that are perhaps worthy of collecting because of their oddity. This definition could, of course, include silver spoons from Alaska, all assortments of wedding and christening favors, crystals, face masks from Africa and possibly even shrunken heads from the Amazons of Ecuador and Peru.

Nowadays, however, you can use curio cabinets for anything:

- Show off your family's sporting interests by displaying your son's bowling trophies next to your husbands autographed baseballs.

- House your priceless family heirlooms - such as, great grandma's turqoise and silver comb, grandpa's golden pen, mum's old sapphire brooch which you wore on your wedding day and your son's first baby photo.

- Or perhaps, protect from dust and grime the brass alto saxophone that you know you'll learn to play one day in your retirement years.

But how do you choose the curio cabinet that's just right for you? Ask yourself the following questions below and find out how.

Tips on how to choose a curio cabinet

1. The first question you should ask when buying a curio cabinet is: What kind of curios will I put in it? If it is a tall brass alto saxophone, then you need to get a tall, traditional curio cabinet with fitted glass doors to keep the dust out and with removable glass shelves to make room for your favorite musical instrument.

2. How much light is there at the spot where you are going to put your curio cabinet? Is it in the sunroom with plenty of natural light or is it in a dark corner of the house? If the latter then you need an illuminated cabinet to brighten the corner as well as provide accent lighting to your displays.

3. How big a space do you have for your curio cabinet?

- Is the space amply high and wide? Then you might want to get a traditional, dark cherry curio cabinet with generous measurements of 44W x 17D x 79H inches.

- If narrower, then a more contemporary curio cabinet with practical urban living measurements of 24W x 12D x 76H inches may be better.

- If low and wide such as in a family room or den, then a golden oak console curio cabinet measuring 56W x 13D x 30H inches is probably what you need.

- And if angled in a corner, you may want a curio cabinet that can be snugly placed in a corner and probably measuring around 28W x 16D x 72H inches.

4. The other question to ask is - Do you want to match the look of your curio cabinet with the other furniture in the room?

- If you want to maintain a traditional look, then you might want to choose from grand old fashioned designs with bevelling, hand-carved details and dark timber finishes.

- If the room is contemporary, then you might want the clean lines and lighter timber finishes of a more urbanized curio cabinet with lots of mirror and glass.

5. What type of wood or non-wood appeals to you?

- If affordability is a consideration and you do not mind the look of MDF or engineered wood, then you might choose a curio cabinet made of strenghtened pressed particle board and topped with timber veneer or laminate.

- If you feel that a solid wood curio cabinet sounds like a good investment, then you should get a curio cabinet made from the more popular oak or maple - hardwoods that can only gain character and charm as they age.

6. And last but not least, what is your budget?

- Are you prepared to splurge on a Louis XV-inspired Pulaski curio cabinet selling for $2000 so that you can have a spectacular accent piece that can transform your entire living room experience?

- Or do you just want a simple wall curio cabinet - one that you can get for $20 at ebay to put your dog figurine collection?

About The Author
Flor Buenaventura is a writer who has a great interest in furnishings for the home and garden. To see a fantastic collection of resources related to curio cabinets and other types of furniture, please visit her Curio Cabinets and Display Cabinets website.

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Sunday, October 14, 2007

Securing UPVC Door locks with Multipoint Door Lock Cylinders

The sight of a uPVC door on your home immediately acts as a potent visual deterrent. Burglars know that not only are these doors more secure than their wooden counterparts, they are also fitted with multipoint locks: a locking mechanism that secures from several points (from a basic 3 point, to the ultimate 7 or 10 point).

An experienced burglar can force a wooden door open in a matter of seconds. They only have one security point (the mortice lock) situated in the centre of the door. The same potential burglar, faced with a multipoint locking mechanism, does not know where the door’s weak areas are - their job is 3 to 10 times more difficult. For this reason, homes fitted with security such as this are unlikely to be targeted as they cannot be accessed by traditional methods.

The New Threat - Lock Cylinders

Due to increased car security, which makes modern cars virtually impossible to break into, homes have come under increased threat of burglary in order that keys for vehicles can be stolen. Because of the improvements in uPVC doors and multipoint locks, burglars have had to become increasingly more sophisticated in their approach – with the potential rewards of a vehicle to drive away in being a huge incentive.

The ‘weak spot’ in modern doors has been isolated as the lock cylinder. Once this weakness has been exploited, it doesn’t matter if the lock has 3, 5, 7 or 10 locking points – the burglar can open the door by simply pulling down the handle.

Mul-t-lock are one of the first companies to develop a cylinder that can withstand this new and devastating access method. By installing their locks, you keep your home and your family one step ahead of the criminals.

More information and advice can be found at Multipoint Locks -

About The Author
Graham Bitchenor is a UPVC multipoint door lock specialist who has written articles for a number of security publications. More information can be found at

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Friday, October 12, 2007

Shower Tray and Shower Enclosure Installation

Making the decision to install an additional shower in your home takes some careful planning and the first consideration is where you plan to install the new shower unit.

If you are not using the existing space where the bath tub presently resides then the location of the new shower must facilitate the plumbing in order to leverage adequate water flow and waste, otherwise the project becomes two folded as new pipes will have to be installed and routed.

Selecting the right shower tray

Depending on available space and budget there are numerous shower enclosure and shower tray options to choose from. Shower trays come in an array of dimensions from square, rectangular and quadrant for corner units with coinciding shower enclosures to ensure conformity in the bathroom. Purchasing a shower tray made from acrylic filled with heavy weight stone cast resin is one of the best choices, since they are durable and quality produced these trays are free from shrinkage and cracking. Their practical design offers a skid resistance base and provides ample standing room when showering.

Water drainage from the shower tray should also be taken into account at the design stage since the shower tray sits at floor level means the waste hole will need to be recessed. To make the installation less labor intensive it is recommended that you either seek the advice of a professional or hire a contractor to install the primary plumbing.

Keeping in mind when it comes to installing the shower tray it is always best to fit the shower tray first before purchasing the shower enclosure since tiles and sealants can alter the size of the shower tray. Furthermore, never comprise value and quality when it comes to sealing the shower tray. It is extremely crucial to use a watertight sealant around the shower tray; improper application of silicone sealant may cause your shower to leak causing extensive water damage in the bathroom. Also, depending where the shower is located, water can seep through the floor, destroying the ceiling to the room situated below the shower unit which could lead to expensive repairs.

Installing the shower enclosure

Once the shower tray has been installed only then should you choose a matching shower enclosure. Today’s top trends in shower enclosures are easy to maintain frameless glass designs and since there is no frame there is less chance of lime scale or dirt build up in these styles of enclosures. Prior to selecting the shower enclosure, make sure proper measurements haven been take to allow for the additional height of the shower tray to balance out with ceiling space, this is extremely important especially if your have a low ceiling. Before the actual installation of the shower enclosure, carefully examine it for solid construction, placing the enclosure on the tray only to later find out there may be design flaws in the unit will lead to double duty and frustration. Testing the enclosure for leaks is suggested, according to shower manufacturers, spay bottle testing is one of the best methods to test for leaks. By simply spraying between the glass and the adjoining frames will determine if in fact there are any water leaks, at which time the unit is returned in exchange for a new one, preventive measures prevent additional work.

Written by Shelley Murphy on behalf of an online retailer of bathroom furniture, steam showers, shower enclosures, whirlpool spa baths and bath related products serving the United Kingdom.

About The Author
Shelley Murphy of brings with her over 10 years of Search Engine Optimization and e-marketing strategies to web based businesses. Holding two BA’s in English and Journalism Communications her writing skills have been a great asset for both onsite writing and monthly newsletters publications.

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Thursday, October 11, 2007

How to Find the Best Air Purifier for Your Home

An air purifier can perform wonders for your home. Air purifiers do battle with anything airborne and unwanted, such as odors, bacteria and germs, and leave your home with clean, pure, and healthy air. Once you start living with an air purifier you'll wonder how you ever survived without it. More and more home owners are opting to purchase an air purifier as they become more and more aware and concerned about the quality of the air they breathe day in, day out.

How do the best air purifiers work?

Air purifiers work by replacing the air in your home with clean and filtered air. They remove particles in the air, such as dust, by drawing air through their filters. Unwanted particles get trapped in machine's filter, and what is circulated back into your home is pure, clean air.

How to find the best air purifier?

There are many air purifiers on the market and many different manufactures. Keeping track of new developments in air purification technology is difficult. Before you buy, always do a bit of research about the product and the manufacturer.

If you are buying in-store, prepare questions and make an appointment with the salesperson so that you can be completely informed about product features.

If you are buying online, then try to read reviews of each product before you buy. Online stores such as do provide this review service. Some of the better manufacturers are Honeywell, GE, Whirlpool, Alpine, Living Air and Bionaire, amongst others. Visit the manufacturer's website and download product features and specifications, which you should study before making your final choice.

About The Author
Dylan Miles, journalist, and website builder, lives in Texas. He is the owner and co-editor of on which you will find a longer, more detailed version of this article.

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Sunday, October 07, 2007

A Guide To Vinyl Shutters

Vinyl shutters are durable and improve the look of your home. In many cases, they can actually add to the value of the home. They are easy to install and make a great do it yourself project. If you prefer not to do the job, you can hire a professional at a reasonable price. The job doesn’t take very long, so you won’t pay a fortune in labor.

Shutters come in a variety of sizes and styles. You can find them in any home improvement center, such as Home Depot or Lowe’s. These companies can offer advice to the do it yourself homeowner or can arrange for professional installation.

Benefits of Shutters made of Vinyl

Vinyl is less expensive than wood shutters and they last longer. Wood has a tendency to crack and split over time. In addition, the paint fades and peels. For this reason, they need to be repainted every few years to keep them in new condition. This is labor intensive and adds to the overall cost. Vinyl is easier to clean and require very little maintenance. Just wipe them down with a damp rag to clean.

Vinyl is a better choice for humid climates or moist locations. This includes humid weather and outdoor pool or hot tub areas. The moisture in these areas can cause warping and swelling in wooden shutters over time. If you have an outdoor pool area, you can prevent this by installing vinyl.

Choosing the Right Shutters

There are several styles in vinyl or PVC shutters. Some can be closed to act as hurricane shutters. These are intended to protect your home in the event of a storm. Most are fixed and can’t be closed. These are merely for decoration. They come in a wide variety of colors and styles to suit the taste of every homeowner. You may decide to match the color to the color of curtains and window blinds or to the exterior of your home.

Some styles have a wooden look that mimics natural grains. Others are smooth and less opaque. The style of your home and your personal preference will help you choose the best style for your home. Regardless of the style you choose, be sure the shutters are made with outdoor grade vinyl. This material is stronger and more durable. It will stand up better to the weather.

Installing Vinyl Shutters

Installing shutters is a good DIY home improvement project. With a little skill, the job should take about a half an hour per window. Instructions and mounting clips are usually included with the shutters.

Materials Needed:

Tape measure
Pencil or pen for marking
Safety goggles

The basic procedure calls for drilling holes into the wall of your home and securing the shutters with fasteners that are pushed through these holes. You are drilling through the shutters and into the wall. The other method uses fasteners that are attached to the exterior wall of your home. The shutters are then clipped into place. The hardware doesn’t show on the front of the shutters.

About The Author
Jack Blacksmith distributes often to an online guide. Jack is specializing in subjects like vinyl shutters ( ) and windows blinds.

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Saturday, October 06, 2007

Build Your Own Garage Workbench

A garage workbench is an essential piece of equipment in any home workshop. A workbench will allow you to complete projects easily and with greater accuracy. A variety of pre made workbenches are available to fit your needs. If you prefer, you can make your own workbench, either with a kit or from a plan.

Choosing a garage workbench

Workbenches are available in a wide variety of sizes and styles. Benches are great for woodworking, crafts and other household projects. You can purchase a bench at most home improvement stores. Another option is to build your own bench. You can find plans in books and on the internet with instructions to create the perfect bench to suit your needs.

A table style workbench is made of heavy duty materials to stand up to regular use. Most models have a hardwood top with metal legs. Table tops can also be made of steel. These resemble a typical table shape with nothing underneath.

Cabinet style benches have drawers or cabinets in the space under the table top. This is great for utilizing otherwise wasted space. This method allows for additional storage space. Some have a pegboard backing that is perfect for hanging hand tools. You won’t need to dig through drawers or a tool box to find what you need.

A power strip bench is a good choice if you use power tools often. These come with up to nine outlets in a strip with a heavy duty power cord. They also have current protection to prevent overload. These can be either six or eight foot benches. Some have a tool caddy to hold smaller tools.

Build Your Own Workbench

Consider building your own bench to get exactly what you want. Kits are available with everything you need to create your bench. Instructions and materials are included with the kit. With this method, you will be limited to the kit’s design. The benefit is that all pieces are pre cut. You won’t need to worry about uneven cuts.

You can build your own bench and purchase all the materials. This method is a bit more complicated, but you have more control about the final outcome. Free workbench plans are available on the internet with detailed instructions for you to follow. Cut the plywood according to the directions and be sure to make your cuts straight.

For best results, choose good quality wood, oak or a hardwood plywood is an excellent choice. Use several coats of polyurethane to protect the top of the bench. Be sure to sand between each coat. A good urethane coating makes messes easier to clean up when working on projects later.

Organizing and Making Room in your Garage

You will need to organize your garage and create storage space to make room for workbenches. Determine what you need to store. Start with a good clean out and get rid of things you don’t need. Throw away old paint and other junk. Give away or donate old items, tools or other things that are too good to throw away, but that you don’t need any more.

The walls of your garage offer great opportunities for storage space. Cabinets are great for organizing clutter. High cabinets are good for storing chemicals and paints. Sharp items can be put up high to keep them away from children. Consider locks if you have young children. Locker cabinets are perfect for larger items. Drawers are good for organizing tools, fishing equipment and other small items.

About The Author
Jack Blacksmith writes articles for He is trying to help people on his informative website on topics around and workshop organisation.

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Thursday, October 04, 2007

Buckwheat- Not Just For Pancakes- It Makes A Great Pillow Too!

A few years ago, when Americans began to hear about buckwheat pillows, they seemed to be a new fad. This was not, in fact, the case.

And no, this buckweat isn't really for breakfast. lol. More on that later.

Asian cultures have known of the benefits of sleeping on buckwheat pillows for hundreds of years.

In the 1980s that western culture began to realize that these benefits were real, inexpensive and helped provide a great night's sleep as well as to benefit them in other ways.

What are these buckwheat pillows made of? One may mistakenly think of buckwheat as a grain but it's really a fruit- and related to a rhubarb family. The product used as filling for these pillows of buckwheat is actually the hulls or husks that protect the kernels.

The hulls are roasted which removes the dust from the fields and husking process before being placed into pillow slips. This means that the buckwheat filling used in these pillows is natural, renewable, and quite inexpensive while providing exceptional support for the human body.

The husks from buckwheat do not pack down as many pillow fillings do, allowing air circulation through the pillow during sleep to regulate the temperature naturally.

In fact, under body weight the buckwheat husks grip one another meaning that you experience stable, passive support and weight distribution.

What this all means to you is that you will experience firm but comfortable support from buckwheat filled pillows.

It also means that your pillow filled with buckwheat will last a long, long time because there are no fibers to pack down and become worn.

In fact, the husks inside the pillow will polish themselves over years of use and retain 93% of this volume after years of use.

A pillow filled with buckwheat can last as long as ten years where an ordinary bed pillow needs to be replaced each two to three years!

These pillows filled with husks from buckwheat are not only effective in holding the head and neck in the right position for sleeping, they can be chilled in the freezer for applying cold therapy to painful areas and heated in the microwave for applying heat therapy for muscle strains and other pains.

Rather then use a heating pad that can cause burns or burns from prolonged cold, the pillow filled with buckwheat will hold the heat or cold long enough to be effective but the temperature will naturally adjust to room temperature before any harm to your skin can occur.

People who are concerned with using natural products will love these pillows because of the natural buckwheat husks that replace the fibers which may not be natural inside traditional pillows. Those who have allergies will love the fact that the filling in these pillows is 99% dust free. Very few people may experience allergies to buckwheat, because it's a rather rare allergy.

Some health care professionals have found that pillows filled with buckwheat help those suffering from migraine headaches, back injuries, neck problems and many other painful health problems relieve or reduce the patient's pain level significantly.

Pillows can be found made specifically in the right size and shape for use covering the eyes, supporting the neck, shoulder as well as for use a regular bed pillows.

Caring for a buckwheat filled pillow is so simple and easy!

Just place the uncovered pillow slip in the sunshine for a few hours. Most pillows have removable covers which can be laundered or fit into your standard pillow case which, of course, can be removed for washing.

Let's look at a few of the pillows filled with buckwheat that are available:

Makura (Japanese for pillow) Miracle Pillows are available that are sized to fit your standard pillow cases. These pillows often are labels "cervical pillows" because the ideal pillow supports the cervical vertebrae of the neck properly. The 26 X 20 inch dimensions are perfect for a standard bed pillow. If you prepare a smaller, more compact pillow, or perhaps want a travel pillow you can take with you, you'll want to consider the 21 X 14 inch size. Each pillow filled with buckwheat comes with its own zippered pillow liner and its own pillow case. For smaller pillows, extra pillow cases can be ordered.

Some buckwheat filled pillows, often called rejuvenator pillows, have four snaps in that form a square in the center portion of the pillow. These snaps can be closed or opened to provide exactly the configuration that feels best for you. One snap, two snaps, three or all four can be left opened or closed, creating your very own "custom" pillow configuration.

The Horseshoe U-Shaped Pillow is another buckwheat filled product that many people enjoy for travel, relaxing or even for sleep. This U-shaped pillow supports the neck and head while in a sitting position. Even riding in the car as a passenger for long distances can be made more comfortable with this U-shaped design. These pillows often are seen with fuzzy covers that are removable for cleaning.

The comfort roll style buckwheat filled pillow is often used by Shiatsu massage professionals for the perfect support provided to the neck. These pillows are round and long, like a bedroll to fit underneath the neck. Perfect for lower back support or under knees, these pillows look like boudoir pillows and come in many different coverings.

The wrist pillow is a design used to support the wrist when typing on a computer. These long, thin pillows keep the wrist in the right position to help prevent carpal tunnel syndrome when used regularly.

No matter which pillow filled with buckwheat is right for you; you'll soon learn you can't live without them. They are so comfortable and last so long, you'll want to buy at least one in each shape and size!

You may be able to find these pillows at your local retailers, but you'll really get the best selection and prices when you shop for them online, where competition makes you the winner!

About The Author
Patricia Bowlin makes it easy to create a bedroom with flair! Find countless Free tips, ideas and information here on choosing all of your bedding by visiting now

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Wednesday, October 03, 2007

Hydroponics Gardening – How to Grow Flowers and Vegetables with Minimal Time and Effort

Did you know that you can still grow your own beautiful flowers and vegetables, without having to spend many hours every week looking after your garden?

One of the biggest problems many gardeners face is never having enough time to maintain their garden. There's always weeds to remove, insects and other pests to take care of, and steps to take to prevent plants becoming diseased. Even watering the garden each day can be very time consuming, unless there’s an automatic sprinkler system in place.

If you want a garden but only have limited time to look after it, hydroponics is a great option. Hydroponics gardening has many time-saving advantages over conventional gardening methods.

Some of these advantages are:

1. No weeding required.

With hydroponics gardening, the plants are grown in a solution of nutrients dissolved in water instead of soil. You don't have to worry about weeds sprouting amongst your plants, because soil isn't used.

2. Fewer problems with pests and diseases.

When growing hydroponically, you have less of the typical problems with pests such as slugs, snails and caterpillars attacking your plants.

Although the nutrient solution of your hydroponic garden will have to be changed regularly, this only takes a fraction of the time compared to conventional gardening maintenance - eg. greenhouse gardening, where soil has to be replaced between crops to prevent disease.

3. You don't need to spend time watering your plants.

Plants grown in a hydroponic garden have an unlimited supply of water. You never need to be concerned that your plants are getting too much or too little water.

4. Say goodbye to digging your garden.

Preparation of a conventional garden involves loosening the soil to add oxygen for the plant’s roots to extract. Once again, as soil isn't used with hydroponics, this means one less time consuming job for you to do.

Plants grown hydroponically extract oxygen from the nutrient solution via their roots. The oxygen can quite quickly be used up, so it's important that it's replaced. The way it's replaced depends on which system is used. The most common hydroponic system is the passive system, which uses an aquarium bubbler to put oxygen back into the solution.

Plants can be grown rapidly without all the concerns of regular gardening. Although a hydroponics system can take some time to set up, you'll find it's well worth the effort.

For more information on hydroponics and the advantages over regular gardening go to

About The Author
Stephen Provis has an interest in plants and home gardening, and is owner of

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Tuesday, October 02, 2007

How To Find And Install The Best Hurricane Windows

Hurricane windows were first developed in response to the disaster of Hurricane Andrew in South Florida in August of 1992. They are effective for protecting your home from high winds and flying debris. They can be installed during construction or added later as a home improvement project. The cost of these windows is comparable with other high quality windows.

Benefits of Hurricane Windows

Obviously, the biggest benefit is protecting your home form the wind and water during a powerful storm. Most damage done to homes during hurricanes occurs as a result of broken windows. Flying debris breaks the window and high pressure air enters the home. This high pressure air can either blow out the window on the opposite side of the home, or blow the roof right off your house.

Shutters are often used to protect windows. Other people board up the windows with plywood year after year. These are both expensive and labor intensive. Windows designed for hurricanes are always in place, ready to protect your home. These storms change course quickly and it will benefit you to be ready all the time. Some people can’t take shutters on or off the house, due to physical limitations. These windows eliminate the need for this extra work.

There are other benefits to these windows. They add a degree of security to your home. Because they are constructed to withstand enormous pressure, they are difficult to break into. The construction of the window and the method of attachment to the home make it hard for someone to enter your home. Many insurance companies offer a discount for this extra measure of security. Contact your agent to determine if a discount is available.

The film in the inner layer helps protect your home from ultraviolet rays. The UV rays of the sun can fade your carpets, curtains or furniture. In addition, the material helps reduce sound entering the home as well as sunlight.

Construction of Hurricane Windows

The windows are constructed of two layers of laminated glass. The glass has a strong, plastic film between the layers. In the event the window shatters, the film layer stays in place, protecting your home from wind damage and your carpet from the driving rain. The inner layer of the window varies according to the size and style of the window.

These products must go through rigorous testing to ensure their effectiveness. Impact test are conducted to simulate both small and large impacts that may occur during a storm. These tests simulate the flying debris that is typical in hurricanes.

These windows can generally withstand wind speeds of up to 130 miles per hour. They can withstand debris flying at these speeds as well. In addition to windows, the glass is available for sky lights and patio doors to protect the whole house.

Installation Procedures

Proper installation is essential for these windows. The best window in the world will not protect your home, if it isn’t installed correctly. The method of installation depends on the window and the materials used in the exterior of the home. In most cases, professional installation is required. Your warranty may be voided if an inexperienced person installs them incorrectly.

About The Author
Clinton Maxwell reveals for an online internet site. Clinton is mostly focusing on information about hurricane windows ( ) and storm protection.

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Monday, October 01, 2007

Childproof Your Home to Keep Your Little One Safe

Parents and caregivers want to provide a safe place for their children to live and play but too often child proofing these areas gets put off. This has caused thousands of household accidents that could have easily have been prevented. The good news is that child proofing is not difficult and can easily be completed in one day.

It is important to protect your child from common household dangers before you bring your newborn home from the hospital. If you wait, things can become hectic and easily get put off until later. Below are some of tips on how to childproof your home.

On your first visit to the store you will likely be overwhelmed by all of the products on the market designed to child proof or baby proof your home. There are literally hundreds of different choices.

Some child proofing requires no devices, just common sense. Other areas definitely require the use of a child proofing device. Not all children are the same. If you feel a certain product would help protect your child from a situation they are more likely to get into, you may consider adding that to your arsenal as well.

Here are some basic steps for child proofing your home.

Move Cleaners, Medicine and Other Poisons

You need to move any poisonous substance out of the reach of your children. A common mistake is to keep cleaners under the kitchen sink or bath products on the ledge of the tub. While you might think that child resistant caps will protect your children, you should be aware that the requirements for a child resistant package may mean that at least 80-85% of children couldn't open them. That means your child might. All poisons and medicines should be stored in a high cupboard or locked area.

Block Stairways

Not surprisingly, falls are one of the biggest causes of injury to young children. Stairways are particularly dangerous and should always be properly gated. Never use pressure mounted gates at the tops of stairs since your child may be able to put enough pressure on them to give way.

Despite having a gate it is important for parents to keep a close eye on children around staircases. No safety device outweighs the importance of adult supervision.

Keep Children out of Dangerous Rooms

The bathroom, garage, and office can all be dangerous areas for you child. To keep them safe, use door-knob covers and door locks. Place a slide lock or hook-and-eye latch hign on the door, out of child's reach.

Keep Windows Safe

Lock windows or use guards to prevent them from opening too far. Screens will not keep your child from falling out of a window.

Make sure that blind cords are out of reach and the beds, cribs and other furniture are moved away from windows where a child could climb up and reach. You'd be surprised what they are capable of.

Outlets, Drawers and Cupboards

There is a huge assortment of products aimed at protecting your children's fingers from being caught in door hinges, slammed in drawers or by closing cupboard doors. Test out several products in a children's store that demonstrates how different products are used. The main purpose should be to prevent an accident but if you find the products difficult to use you may end up not using them at all.

Small Toys and Other Choking Hazards

Another major cause of hospital visits for small children is choking. Small toys, batteries, buttons, coins and other objects go straight into the mouths of babies and toddlers (and even some preschoolers). Prevention is the key. If you have older children they should be taught to keep small toys out of the reach of younger children. Keep a keen eye for objects on the floor where your baby is present.

Monitor New Dangers

You will need to be constantly aware of what your child can get access to. As you child grows and develops they may suddenly be capable of reaching or pulling down items you didn't think of.

Don't forget that most child proofing devices you can buy are temporary solutions to prevent the most disastrous accidents. Your children should also be taught how to behave and where to be especially careful. After all, your children will likely be in many homes that are not child proofed like yours and their safety will depend on understanding what's not safe.

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About The Author
Alli Ross is the hip granmamma at, where you can find over 20,000 baby names and their meanings as well as parenting info and advice.

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